7-Zip: A File Manager on Windows

7-Zip is software that is both open source and free to use. The GNU General Public License (LGPL) is used to distribute the vast majority of the code. A portion of the code is distributed with a license referred to as the BSD 3-clause License. Certain components of the code are likewise subject to license restrictions imposed by unRAR. Please take the time to read the 7-Zip License Agreement.

7-Zip can be installed on any computer, including those used in businesses and other professional settings. 7-Zip does not require registration or payment.

The features of 7-Zip

  • The 7z format has a high compression ratio because it supports the LZMA and LZMA2 compression algorithms.
  • Formats that can be used:
  • The file formats 7z, XZ, BZIP2, GZIP, TAR, ZIP, and WIM can be used for packing and unpacking data.
  • Only the following file systems are capable of having their archives unpacked: APFS, AR, ARJ, CAB, CHM, CPIO, CramFS, DMG, EXT, FAT, GPT, HFS, IHEX, ISO, LZH, LZMA, MBR, MSI, NSIS, NTFS, QCOW2, RAR, RPM, SquashFS, UDF, UEFI, VDI, VHD, VHDX,
  • 7-Zip has a compression ratio that is anywhere from 2-10% better than PKZip and WinZip when it comes to the ZIP and GZIP file formats.
  • AES-256 is the encryption standard utilized by both the 7z and ZIP file formats.
  • 7z files have the ability to extract themselves.
  • Integration of the Windows Shell
  • Manager de fichiers efficace
  • Powerful command line version of the FAR Manager plugin, featuring localizations in 87 languages

By default, 7-Zip will produce archives in the 7z file format and save them with the.7z file extension. Every archive has the capacity to store a certain number of folders and files. When used as a container format, a tiered collection of filters that look for commonalities throughout the contents can be utilized to achieve the goals of increased security or a reduction in file size. These can include things like preprocessors, compression algorithms, and encryption filters, among other things.

Archive formats of 7-Zip

Compression in 7z is accomplished by the use of a variety of different algorithms, the most common of which being bzip2, PPMd, LZMA2, and LZMA. LZMA is a relatively new compression algorithm that was invented by Pavlov and initially debuted as a component of the 7z format. An LZ-based sliding dictionary that is as large as 3840 MB can be supported by LZMA thanks to its utilization of a range coder.

The native 7z file format can be opened in any program and is expandable. The storing of file names requires the use of Unicode.

In 2011, TopTenReviews found that 7z compression was at least 17% better than ZIP compression. 7-Zip's own website has reported since 2002 that while compression ratio results are highly dependent on the data used for the tests, "usually, 7-Zip compresses to 7z format 30-70% better than to zip format," and that "7-Zip compresses to zip format 2-10% better than most other zip-compatible programs." TopTenReviews found that 7z compression

The documentation for the 7z archive file format can be found in the "doc" subdirectory of the program's source code directory.

7-Zip is compatible with a wide variety of compression and non-compression archive formats, including ZIP, gzip, bzip2, xz, tar, and WIM, among others (both for packing and unloading). cramfs, DMG, FAT, HFS, ISO, MBR, NTFS, SquashFS, UDF, and VHD disk formats, as well as APM, ar, ARJ, chm, cpio, deb, FLV, JAR, LHA/LZH, LZMA, MSLZ, Office Open XML, onepkg, RAR, RPM, smzip, SWF, XAR, and Z When it comes to unpacking archives, 7-Zip only supports the ZIPX format. At the very least, this feature has been accessible ever since version 9.20, which came out in the latter half of 2010.


7-Zip has the ability to open some MSI files, giving users access not just to the primary contents but also to the associated meta-files. Some Microsoft CAB files can be opened using LZX compression, and some NSIS files can be opened using LZMA compression. Similarly, some Microsoft executable applications (.EXEs) that are self-extracting archives or incorporate archived content (for example, some setup files) can be opened as archives when the appropriate software is used.

7-Zip utilises its own DEFLATE encoder when compressing ZIP or gzip files, which delivers higher compression but at a slower pace than the more widely used zlib DEFLATE implementation. This is because 7-Zip's DEFLATE encoder is built from scratch. A unique implementation of the 7-Zip deflate encoder is included in the AdvanceCOMP suite of utilities.

The source code of the unRAR program, which is freely available, was utilized in the development of the RAR decompression engine. However, because to a license restriction, the unRAR software cannot be utilized in the development of a RAR compressor. 7-Zip versions 15.06 and later include capability for extracting files from RAR5 archives. For example, some Android backups are stored in the tar format and can be retrieved using archivers like 7-Zip. Other backup systems also use formats that are compatible with archivers like 7-Zip.

Tino Reichardt is the developer of 7-Zip ZS, a port of 7-Zip FM that is compatible with the Zstandard.zst (and other formats).

Denis Anisimov developed Modern7z, a plugin for 7-Zip FM that is compatible with Zstandard.zst as well as other formats (TC4shell).

In addition to its features as a conventional archiver, 7-Zip also functions as a file manager. A toolbar that allows users to create archives, extract archives, check archives for errors, copy, move, and delete files, as well as access a file properties menu that is exclusive to 7-Zip, is included in the file manager.

File manager

The file manager does not comply to the limits that are imposed by Windows Explorer, and as a result, it displays hidden files by default. The tabs display information such as the name, the time the tab was last modified, the original and compressed sizes, attributes, and comments.

When you move up one directory from the root, you will see all of the disks, whether they are detachable or internal. When you move back up, you'll see a list with four other choices, which are as follows:

The drive list is loaded into the computer.

  • Documents allows the user to load documents from their computer.
  • Network: returns a list of all clients that are connected to the network at the current time.
  • The main difference is that the drives are loaded under low-level NTFS access instead of "Computer." This causes previously deleted files that are still there on the drive as well as crucial disk files to become visible.